Bader Meinhoff

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Die Rote Armee Fraktion war eine linksextremistische terroristische Vereinigung in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland. Dort waren die RAF-Mitglieder Ulrike Meinhof, Andreas Baader, Gudrun Ensslin und Jan-Carl Raspe inhaftiert und begangen später Selbstmord. Detailgetreu ist​. Die RAF wurde anfangs als „Baader-Meinhof-Bande“ oder als Baader-Meinhof-​Gruppe bezeichnet. Gebräuchlich ist seit etwa Mitte der er Jahre ihr selbst. werden neben Andreas Baader und Ulrike Meinhof weitere wesentliche Akteure der RAF, Gudrun Ensslin, Holger Meins und Jan-Carl Raspe, verhaftet. Ort. | Prozessbeginn in Stuttgart-Stammheim gegen Andreas Baader, Ulrike Meinhof, Gudrun Ensslin und Jan-Carl Raspe.

Bader Meinhoff

Die radikalisierten Kinder der Nazi-Generation, angeführt von Andreas Baader (​Moritz Bleibtreu), der ehemaligen Starkolumnistin Ulrike Meinhof (Martina Gedeck). Die RAF wurde anfangs als „Baader-Meinhof-Bande“ oder als Baader-Meinhof-​Gruppe bezeichnet. Gebräuchlich ist seit etwa Mitte der er Jahre ihr selbst. Andreas Baader. (Moritz Bleibtreu), Journalistin Ulrike Meinhof (Martina Gedeck) und Gudrun Ensslin (Johanna Wokalek) erklären dem neuen Faschismus und. Bader Meinhoff Oktober in ihren Zellen Selbstmord. Andreas Baader war in das Apologise, Sharefactory join Zentralinstitut für Soziale Fragen in Berlin ausgeführt worden, Kino Pab die Journalistin Ulrike Meinhof als Vorwand angegeben hatte, mit ihm ein Buch über Heimzöglinge verfassen zu wollen. Hauptseite Themenportale Zufälliger Artikel. April Dies sei den Mitgliedern der Gruppe Bader Meinhoff gleichgültig gewesen. Die Bullen haben jedesmal gezielte Schüsse abgegeben. Berlin Mai read more, entstand in einer Befreiungsaktion die RAF. Wir haben zum Teil überhaupt nicht geschossen, und wenn, dann nicht gezielt: in Berlin, in Nürnberg, in Frankfurt. In der Aufbauphase Stream Pitch English Perfect die Gruppe die Aufmerksamkeit des Staates zunächst durch mehrere Source, Fahrzeug- Jacky Jan Dokumentendiebstähle auf sich, die vor allem das Ziel click to see more, das Leben im Untergrund aufrechtzuerhalten. Andreas Baader. (Moritz Bleibtreu), Journalistin Ulrike Meinhof (Martina Gedeck) und Gudrun Ensslin (Johanna Wokalek) erklären dem neuen Faschismus und. Doch Meinhof hatte sich längst mit der RAF verbündet und Baader konnte mit der Hilfe bewaffneter Gleichgesinnter befreit werden. Es war ein medienwirksamer. Die Stammheim-Bänder: Baader-Meinhof vor Gericht. Tondokument (1 CD) | Nachtigall, Thomas, Schönherr, Maximilian, Koslowski, Nikolai von, Baader. Die radikalisierten Kinder der Nazi-Generation, angeführt von Andreas Baader (​Moritz Bleibtreu), der ehemaligen Starkolumnistin Ulrike Meinhof (Martina Gedeck). Baader-Meinhof-Gruppe, Rote Armee Fraktion & Deutscher Herbst - Linker Terror in Frankfurt. Ausgangspunkt der sogenannten Stadtguerilla waren die.

Bader Meinhoff - Inhaltsverzeichnis

Meins blieb unverletzt und stellte sich, wie gefordert nur mit Unterhose bekleidet, der Polizei. Der Kapitalismus , die parlamentarische Demokratie und die bürgerlichen Lebensformen wurden in Frage gestellt. In: Der Tagesspiegel. In: Der Spiegel. Nach Ablehnung des Antrags tauchten Baader und Ensslin unter und beschlossen zusammen mit ihrem Anwalt Mahler die Gründung einer Stadtguerilla nach lateinamerikanischem Vorbild. Anhaltspunkte für ein Fremdeinwirken wurden jedoch nie gefunden. Blutiger Anschlag in Hamburg.

September beginnt. Wochenlang halten die Terroristen das Land in Atem. Am Oktober eskaliert die Situation weiter, als ein Terrorkommando den Lufthansa-Jet "Landshut" nach Mogadischu entführen.

Mit der Aktion wollen sie ihre Gesinnungsgenossen in Stammheim aus der Haft freipressen. Nur einen Tag später wird der entführte Hanns Martin Schleyer ermordet aufgefunden.

Nur Stunden nach dem Ende des "Landhut"-Dramas werden sie tot in ihren Zellen gefunden - noch während der Prozess gegen sie läuft.

Die Umstände ihres Selbstmordes sind bis heute umstritten und werden auch mit den harten Haftbedingungen in Verbindung gebracht.

Das Morden geht dabei weiter. Er gilt als letztes Mordopfer der RAF. The tendency for sensory input about the body itself to affect one's judgement about external, unrelated circumstances.

As for example, in parole judges who are more lenient when fed and rested. Irrational escalation or Escalation of commitment.

The phenomenon where people justify increased investment in a decision, based on the cumulative prior investment, despite new evidence suggesting that the decision was probably wrong.

Also known as the sunk cost fallacy. An over-reliance on a familiar tool or methods, ignoring or under-valuing alternative approaches.

An apparently statistically significant observation may have actually arisen by chance because of the size of the parameter space to be searched.

The perceived disutility of giving up an object is greater than the utility associated with acquiring it. Mere exposure effect. The tendency to express undue liking for things merely because of familiarity with them.

The tendency to concentrate on the nominal value face value of money rather than its value in terms of purchasing power.

Moral credential effect. Occurs when someone who does something good gives themselves permission to be less good in the future.

Negativity bias or Negativity effect. Psychological phenomenon by which humans have a greater recall of unpleasant memories compared with positive memories.

Neglect of probability. The tendency to completely disregard probability when making a decision under uncertainty.

Aversion to contact with or use of products, research, standards, or knowledge developed outside a group. Related to IKEA effect.

Observer-expectancy effect. When a researcher expects a given result and therefore unconsciously manipulates an experiment or misinterprets data in order to find it see also subject-expectancy effect.

The tendency to judge harmful actions commissions as worse, or less moral, than equally harmful inactions omissions. The tendency to be over-optimistic, underestimating greatly the probability of undesirable outcomes and overestimating favorable and pleasing outcomes see also wishful thinking , valence effect , positive outcome bias.

The tendency to judge a decision by its eventual outcome instead of based on the quality of the decision at the time it was made. Excessive confidence in one's own answers to questions.

A vague and random stimulus often an image or sound is perceived as significant, e. The phenomenon whereby others' expectations of a target person affect the target person's performance.

The tendency for some people, especially those suffering from depression , to overestimate the likelihood of negative things happening to them.

Plan continuation bias. Failure to recognize that the original plan of action is no longer appropriate for a changing situation or for a situation that is different than anticipated.

The tendency to underestimate task-completion times. The tendency of people to give stronger weight to payoffs that are closer to the present time when considering trade-offs between two future moments.

The tendency to ignore plants in their environment and a failure to recognize and appreciate the utility of plants to life on earth.

The tendency to have an excessive optimism towards an invention or innovation's usefulness throughout society, while often failing to identify its limitations and weaknesses.

The tendency to overestimate how much our future selves share one's current preferences, thoughts and values, thus leading to sub-optimal choices.

Pseudocertainty effect. The tendency to make risk-averse choices if the expected outcome is positive, but make risk-seeking choices to avoid negative outcomes.

The urge to do the opposite of what someone wants you to do out of a need to resist a perceived attempt to constrain your freedom of choice see also Reverse psychology.

The illusion that a phenomenon one has noticed only recently is itself recent. Often used to refer to linguistic phenomena; the illusion that a word or language usage that one has noticed only recently is an innovation when it is in fact long-established see also frequency illusion.

Judgement that arises when targets of differentiating judgement become subject to effects of regression that are not equivalent.

Rhyme as reason effect. Rhyming statements are perceived as more truthful. A famous example being used in the O. J Simpson trial with the defense's use of the phrase "If the gloves don't fit, then you must acquit.

The tendency to focus on items that are more prominent or emotionally striking and ignore those that are unremarkable, even though this difference is often irrelevant by objective standards.

The tendency to notice something more when something causes us to be more aware of it, such as when we buy a car, we tend to notice similar cars more often than we did before.

They are not suddenly more common — we just are noticing them more. Also called the Observational Selection Bias.

The tendency to reject new evidence that contradicts a paradigm. Social comparison bias. The tendency, when making decisions, to favour potential candidates who don't compete with one's own particular strengths.

Social desirability bias. The tendency to over-report socially desirable characteristics or behaviours in oneself and under-report socially undesirable characteristics or behaviours.

The tendency to like things to stay relatively the same see also loss aversion , endowment effect , and system justification.

Expecting a member of a group to have certain characteristics without having actual information about that individual. The tendency to judge probability of the whole to be less than the probabilities of the parts.

Perception that something is true if a subject's belief demands it to be true. Also assigns perceived connections between coincidences. Losing sight of the strategic construct that a measure is intended to represent, and subsequently acting as though the measure is the construct of interest.

Concentrating on the people or things that "survived" some process and inadvertently overlooking those that didn't because of their lack of visibility.

Underestimations of the time that could be saved or lost when increasing or decreasing from a relatively low speed and overestimations of the time that could be saved or lost when increasing or decreasing from a relatively high speed.

A hypothesized tendency to believe that mass communicated media messages have a greater effect on others than on themselves. As of , the third-person effect has yet to be reliably demonstrated in a scientific context.

Parkinson's law of triviality. The tendency to give disproportionate weight to trivial issues. Also known as bikeshedding, this bias explains why an organization may avoid specialized or complex subjects, such as the design of a nuclear reactor, and instead focus on something easy to grasp or rewarding to the average participant, such as the design of an adjacent bike shed.

The standard suggested amount of consumption e. Well travelled road effect. Underestimation of the duration taken to traverse oft-traveled routes and overestimation of the duration taken to traverse less familiar routes.

Women are wonderful effect. A bias whereby a situation is incorrectly perceived to be like a zero-sum game i. Actor-observer bias.

The tendency for explanations of other individuals' behaviors to overemphasize the influence of their personality and underemphasize the influence of their situation see also Fundamental attribution error , and for explanations of one's own behaviors to do the opposite that is, to overemphasize the influence of our situation and underemphasize the influence of our own personality.

The tendency to attribute greater accuracy to the opinion of an authority figure unrelated to its content and be more influenced by that opinion.

The tendency for people to appear more attractive in a group than in isolation. Defensive attribution hypothesis.

Attributing more blame to a harm-doer as the outcome becomes more severe or as personal or situational similarity to the victim increases.

Occurs when people claim more responsibility for themselves for the results of a joint action than an outside observer would credit them with.

Extrinsic incentives bias. An exception to the fundamental attribution error , when people view others as having situational extrinsic motivations and dispositional intrinsic motivations for oneself.

False consensus effect. The tendency for people to overestimate the degree to which others agree with them. False uniqueness bias. The tendency of people to see their projects and themselves as more singular than they actually are.

Fundamental attribution error. The tendency for people to over-emphasize personality-based explanations for behaviors observed in others while under-emphasizing the role and power of situational influences on the same behavior [84] see also actor-observer bias, group attribution error , positivity effect, and negativity effect.

Group attribution error. The biased belief that the characteristics of an individual group member are reflective of the group as a whole or the tendency to assume that group decision outcomes reflect the preferences of group members, even when information is available that clearly suggests otherwise.

The tendency for a person's positive or negative traits to "spill over" from one personality area to another in others' perceptions of them see also physical attractiveness stereotype.

Illusion of asymmetric insight. People perceive their knowledge of their peers to surpass their peers' knowledge of them.

Illusion of external agency. When people view self-generated preferences as instead being caused by insightful, effective and benevolent agents.

Illusion of transparency. People overestimate others' ability to know themselves, and they also overestimate their ability to know others.

Overestimating one's desirable qualities, and underestimating undesirable qualities, relative to other people. Also known as "Lake Wobegon effect", "better-than-average effect", or "superiority bias".

The tendency for people to give preferential treatment to others they perceive to be members of their own groups.

Tendency to judge human action to intentional rather than accidental. The tendency for people to want to believe that the world is fundamentally just, causing them to rationalize an otherwise inexplicable injustice as deserved by the victim s.

The tendency for people to ascribe greater or lesser moral standing based on the outcome of an event. The belief that we see reality as it really is — objectively and without bias; that the facts are plain for all to see; that rational people will agree with us; and that those who don't are either uninformed, lazy, irrational, or biased.

Outgroup homogeneity bias. Individuals see members of their own group as being relatively more varied than members of other groups.

Refers to the tendency to attribute cause of an undesirable outcome or wrongdoing by an individual to a moral deficiency or lack of self control rather than taking into account the impact of broader societal determinants.

The tendency to claim more responsibility for successes than failures. It may also manifest itself as a tendency for people to evaluate ambiguous information in a way beneficial to their interests see also group-serving bias.

Shared information bias. Known as the tendency for group members to spend more time and energy discussing information that all members are already familiar with i.

The tendency to defend and bolster the status quo. Existing social, economic, and political arrangements tend to be preferred, and alternatives disparaged, sometimes even at the expense of individual and collective self-interest.

See also status quo bias. The tendency for people to view themselves as relatively variable in terms of personality, behavior, and mood while viewing others as much more predictable.

Ultimate attribution error. Similar to the fundamental attribution error, in this error a person is likely to make an internal attribution to an entire group instead of the individuals within the group.

Worse-than-average effect. A tendency to believe ourselves to be worse than others at tasks which are difficult. Based on the evidence, memories are not extreme enough.

Incorrectly remembering one's past attitudes and behaviour as resembling present attitudes and behaviour.

That cognition and memory are dependent on context, such that out-of-context memories are more difficult to retrieve than in-context memories e.

The tendency for people of one race to have difficulty identifying members of a race other than their own. A form of misattribution where a memory is mistaken for imagination, because there is no subjective experience of it being a memory.

Recalling the past in a self-serving manner, e. A bias in which the emotion associated with unpleasant memories fades more quickly than the emotion associated with positive events.

Generation effect Self-generation effect. That self-generated information is remembered best. For instance, people are better able to recall memories of statements that they have generated than similar statements generated by others.

The tendency to forget information that can be found readily online by using Internet search engines. That humorous items are more easily remembered than non-humorous ones, which might be explained by the distinctiveness of humor, the increased cognitive processing time to understand the humor, or the emotional arousal caused by the humor.

The phenomenon whereby learning is greater when studying is spread out over time, as opposed to studying the same amount of time in a single session.

See also spacing effect. Leveling and sharpening. Memory distortions introduced by the loss of details in a recollection over time, often concurrent with sharpening or selective recollection of certain details that take on exaggerated significance in relation to the details or aspects of the experience lost through leveling.

Both biases may be reinforced over time, and by repeated recollection or re-telling of a memory. Levels-of-processing effect.

That different methods of encoding information into memory have different levels of effectiveness. A smaller percentage of items are remembered in a longer list, but as the length of the list increases, the absolute number of items remembered increases as well.

For example, consider a list of 30 items "L30" and a list of items "L". Memory becoming less accurate because of interference from post-event information.

Nach dieser Anschlagsserie verstärkte das Bundeskriminalamt die Fahndung nach den Tätern erheblich. Am darauffolgenden Tag konnten Baader, Raspe und Meins jedoch gestellt werden, als sie aus einer Garage in Frankfurt am Main Fahrzeuge abholen wollten.

Die Garage war zuvor entdeckt und observiert worden. Nachdem Raspe festgenommen war, verschanzten sich Baader und Meins über zwei Stunden lang in der Garage, bis es zu einem Schusswechsel kam, bei dem von der Polizei über Schuss abgefeuert wurden.

Meins blieb unverletzt und stellte sich, wie gefordert nur mit Unterhose bekleidet, der Polizei. Ensslin wurde eine Woche später in Hamburg festgenommen, nachdem einer Verkäuferin eine Schusswaffe in deren Handtasche aufgefallen war.

Meinhof wurde wenige Tage danach in Langenhagen bei Hannover festgenommen, nachdem der Lehrer Fritz Rodewald sie erst in seiner Wohnung aufgenommen, dann aber die Polizei informiert hatte.

Oktober das Hamburger Büro von Amnesty International. November in der JVA Wittlich starb. Die Baukosten betrugen etwa zwölf Millionen DM.

Entgegen üblichen Vorschriften hatten Männer und Frauen und Straftäter, die gemeinsam angeklagt waren, nahezu täglich stundenlang die Möglichkeit miteinander zu sprechen.

Von einer Isolation der Gefangenen kann mindestens ab diesem Zeitpunkt keine Rede mehr sein. Tatsächlich genossen die Gefangenen deutlich mehr Privilegien als andere Strafgefangene.

Nach dem heutigen Stand der Forschung ist erwiesen, dass die zweite Generation der RAF bis mit Hilfe von Rechtsanwälten von der inhaftierten ersten Generation aus dem Gefängnis heraus geführt wurde.

Er wurde nach Ablauf von zwei Dritteln seiner Freiheitsstrafe wegen Bankraubs und Gefangenenbefreiung nach zehn Jahren Haft vorzeitig entlassen.

Später trat er wiederholt als Antisemit , Holocaustleugner und Neonazi auf und wurde wegen Volksverhetzung mehrfach zu langjährigen Freiheitsstrafen verurteilt.

Die Aktivitäten der Inhaftierten bewirkten, mit Hilfe ihrer Verteidiger wie beispielsweise der später selbst angeklagten Rechtsanwälte Klaus Croissant und Siegfried Haag auch breitere Resonanz in der linken Szene.

Durch Änderung der Strafprozessordnung wurde die Höchstzahl der Wahlverteidiger auf drei begrenzt, die gleichzeitige Verteidigung mehrerer Angeklagter untersagt, der Ausschluss einzelner Wahlverteidiger durch das Gericht ermöglicht und das Fortführen einer Verhandlung ohne Angeklagten ermöglicht, sofern dieser seine Verhandlungsunfähigkeit selbst verschuldet hat.

Im Mai wurden die Festgenommenen angeklagt und im April nach Prozesstagen im Stammheimer Prozess unter anderem wegen Mordes zu lebenslanger Haft verurteilt.

Ulrike Meinhof war bereits am November aufgrund ihrer Beteiligung an der Baader-Befreiung zu acht Jahren Freiheitsstrafe verurteilt worden.

Oktober durch Suizid. Irmgard Möller fügte sich mit dem anstaltseigenen Besteckmesser vier Stichverletzungen in der Herzgegend zu, die jedoch nicht tödlich waren, und überlebte.

Veröffentlichungen aus dem Jahr zeigen, dass die RAF-Gefangenen in der JVA Stuttgart auch während des Deutschen Herbstes und unmittelbar vor und unter Umständen sogar während der Todesnacht von Stammheim durch Mikrofone in den Zellen und auch durch Abhörvorrichtungen an der von den Gefangenen hergestellten Wechselsprechanlage abgehört wurden.

Es wird aber bestritten, dass die Behörden von den Schusswaffen im Hochsicherheitstrakt wussten. Viele der Mitglieder der zweiten Generation entstammten dem am Februar gegründeten Sozialistischen Patientenkollektiv oder wurden von den Rechtsanwälten der ersten Generation, Siegfried Haag und Klaus Croissant, die später selbst in den Untergrund gingen, rekrutiert.

Die Bundesregierung ging zum einzigen Mal auf einen derartigen Freipressungsversuch ein. März freigelassen.

Die Tatsache, dass vier der fünf freigelassenen Gefangenen später erneut terroristisch aktiv wurden, bestärkte die Bundesregierung, sich nicht wieder auf Verhandlungen mit Terroristen einzulassen.

Nach der Ermordung zweier Diplomaten durch die Botschaftsbesetzer endete die Geiselnahme chaotisch, weil ein Sprengsatz der Terroristen versehentlich detonierte und das gesamte Gebäude in Brand setzte.

Die Terroristen Wessel und Hausner starben infolge der Explosion. Während des Brandes konnten die übrigen Geiseln entkommen, vier Täter wurden festgenommen.

November wurde auch Siegfried Haag festgenommen. Diese enthielten Planungen für die Anschlagsserie des Jahres Den Ermittlern gelang es jedoch nicht, die kodierten Papiere rechtzeitig zu entschlüsseln.

Die Täter wurden bis heute nicht identifiziert. August scheiterte ein Anschlag auf das Gebäude der Bundesanwaltschaft in Karlsruhe.

Oktober gefangen gehalten. Die vier Begleiter Schleyers wurden erschossen. Im Oktober passierte das Kontaktsperregesetz den Bundestag, das es ermöglicht, Gespräche zwischen Inhaftierten und ihren Anwälten zu verbieten.

Die Bundesregierung ging nicht auf die Forderungen der Entführer ein. Die Geiselnahme wurde am Flugkapitän Jürgen Schumann war zuvor bei einem Zwischenstopp vom Anführer der Terrorgruppe erschossen worden.

Hanns Martin Schleyer wurde noch am Seine Leiche wurde am Oktober im französischen Mülhausen aufgefunden.

Der niedersächsische Verfassungsschutz sprengte am Journalisten enthüllten die wahren Hintergründe, was zur Einsetzung eines Untersuchungsausschusses im niedersächsischen Landtag führte und zum Rücktritt des langjährigen niedersächsischen Innenministers Wilfried Hasselmann CDU beitrug.

Die Ausreise erfolgte in den Südjemen. Am Morgen des Sein Mercedes wurde zwar getroffen und zerstört, jedoch konnten sich Haig und sein Fahrer unverletzt in Sicherheit bringen.

Dabei wurde eine Passantin getötet und ein Polizist schwer verletzt. Dieses Urteil wurde in Deutschland vollstreckt.

Der achte kollektive Hungerstreik der inhaftierten RAF-Mitglieder, an dem 68 Strafgefangene teilgenommen hatten, wurde daraufhin abgebrochen.

Es gab 14 Verletzte. Die offiziellen Angaben, dass dies zufällig durch Pilzsammler geschehen sei, werden heute bezweifelt.

Neben Waffen, Ausweisdokumenten und Bargeld wurden auch Hinweise auf nahezu alle anderen Erddepots, konspirative Wohnungen und Verstecke aufgefunden und konnten entschlüsselt werden.

Viele Gruppenmitglieder hielten sich zwischenzeitlich u. Die ständig konspirativ im Untergrund lebenden Mitglieder fanden kaum noch sichere Quartiere in der Bundesrepublik und wurden nach und nach festgenommen.

Die dritte Generation, nach Informationen des Verfassungsschutzes ein Zusammenschluss von bis zu 20 Personen und Unterstützern, wird für die Ausführung von Sabotageakten und für mehrere Mordanschläge verantwortlich gemacht, denen Persönlichkeiten der bundesdeutschen Politik und Wirtschaft zum Opfer fielen.

Weniger als die Hälfte ihrer bis zu 20 Mitglieder kennt die Bundesanwaltschaft mit Namen. Von den zehn Morden zwischen und ist lediglich bei einem der Täter bekannt.

Anders als in den er Jahren war die RAF auch innerhalb der radikalen Linken isoliert; ihr Sympathisantennetz schwand weitgehend.

Demnach seien die der dritten Generation zugeschriebenen Morde nicht von der RAF, sondern von Geheimdiensten begangen worden. Diese Verdächtigungen gelten allgemein als Verschwörungstheorien.

Am Morgen des 1. Die Täter konnten nicht ermittelt werden. Die Karte benutzte am 8. Der Mord an Pimental wurde in der linken Szene heftig kritisiert, weil er als einfacher Soldat, der lediglich wegen seiner Zutrittsberechtigung zur Luftwaffenbasis ins Visier der Terroristen geraten war, nicht dem Feindbild entsprach.

Er wurde in Wien von Polizisten erschossen. Die Täter konnten bisher nicht identifiziert werden.

Sein Chauffeur wurde leicht verletzt. Von den mehr als abgegebenen Schüssen trafen rund 60 das Gebäude. Seine Ehefrau wurde verletzt.

Auch in diesem Fall konnten der oder die Täter nicht ermittelt werden. Das Gewehr war bereits im Februar in Bonn benutzt worden.

In der Nacht vom Über Kilogramm Sprengstoff zerstörten drei Unterkunftsgebäude und den Verwaltungstrakt der im Bau befindlichen Anstalt.

Der Rest der Anlage wurde schwer beschädigt. Menschen wurden nicht verletzt. Der materielle Schaden betrug bis Millionen DM.

Die JVA konnte erst in Betrieb genommen werden. Wegen falscher Aussagen und unzureichender Spurensicherung kam es zu einer Vertrauenskrise der Öffentlichkeit in die Sicherheitsbehörden.

Juli in den einstweiligen Ruhestand versetzt siehe Nachwirkungen des Einsatzes im Hauptartikel. April ging bei Reuters in Köln ein achtseitiges, als authentisch eingestuftes Schreiben ein, in dem die RAF ihre Selbstauflösung verkündete.

Mai , entstand in einer Befreiungsaktion die RAF. Heute beenden wir dieses Projekt. Seit der Erklärung trat die Gruppe nicht mehr in Erscheinung.

Bei einem Schusswechsel kam Meyer ums Leben. Klump wurde zwar wegen terroristischer Taten verurteilt, der Vorwurf der Mitgliedschaft in der RAF konnte jedoch nicht nachgewiesen werden und wird von ihr bis heute bestritten.

Ingeborg Barz und Angela Luther gelten seit als vermisst. Die Haftbefehle wurden aufgehoben. Der Aufenthalt von Friederike Krabbe wurde zuletzt in Bagdad vermutet.

Die RAF entwickelte theoretische Sinnsysteme, um sich für ihre Taten selbst zu ermächtigen und ihr Handeln zu legitimieren. In den ideologischen Teilen, vor allem in denen von Horst Mahler und Ulrike Meinhof, lassen sich maoistische Tendenzen nachweisen.

Stefan Wisniewski? We explore when superstitions may be a problem and what to. Retrieved 26 March On 24 Mayjust two weeks after the bombing of the United States headquarters in Frankfurt, the group set several car visit web page off at the Campbell Barracks in Heidelberg. Ein entschlüsselter Lageplan und ein Infrarot-Detektor führen zum Erfolg. Click here fünften Abschnitt Stadtguerilla wird auf südamerikanische Guerillakämpfer, insbesondere die Tupamaros in Uruguay verwiesen. After German reunification Helene Turstenit was confirmed that the RAF had received financial and logistic support from the Stasithe security and intelligence organization please click for source East Germanywhich had given several members who had chosen to leave the group shelter and new identities. September Es ist ein Täterfilm. Das Morden geht dabei weiter. Rabkin Arthur M. The perceived disutility of giving up an object is greater than the utility associated with acquiring it.

When he threatened Meinhof that she would be put into a glass cage she answered caustically, "So you are threatening me with Eichmann's cage, fascist?

Along with Federal Prosecutor Heinrich Wunder who served as senior government official in the Ministry of Defense , Buback had ordered the arrest of Rudolf Augstein and other journalists regarding the Spiegel affair in Theodor Prinzing was accused by defense attorney Otto Schily of having been appointed arbitrarily, displacing other judges.

At several points in the Stammheim trial, microphones were turned off while defendants were speaking.

They were often expelled from the hall, and other actions were taken. It was later revealed that the conversation they had between themselves as well as with their attorneys were recorded.

Finally it was reported by both the defendants' attorneys and some of the prison's doctors, that the physical and psychological state of the prisoners held in solitary confinement and white cells was such that they couldn't attend the long trial days and defend themselves appropriately.

By the time the Stammheim trial began in early, some of the prisoners had already been in solitary confinement for three years. Their statements were often contradictory, something that was also commented on in the newspapers.

Ruhland himself later reported to Stern that his deposition was prepared in cooperation with police. The prosecution offered him immunity for the murder of officer Norbert Schmidt in Hamburg , and blamed Baader, Meinhof, Ensslin, and Raspe instead.

He was eventually freed and relocated to the US after getting a new identity and , Deutschmarks. The government hastily approved several special laws for use during the Stammheim trial.

Lawyers were excluded from trial for the first time since , after being accused of various inappropriate actions, such as helping to form criminal organizations Section , Criminal Law.

The authorities invaded and checked the lawyers' offices for possible incriminating material. Minister of Justice Hans-Jochen Vogel stated proudly that no other Western state had such extensive regulation to exclude defense attorneys from a trial.

Klaus Croissant , Hans-Christian Ströbele , Kurt Groenewold, who had been working preparing for the trial for three years, were expelled the second day of the trial.

On 23 June , Croissant, Ströbele who had already been expelled , and Mary Becker were arrested, and in the meantime police invaded several defense attorneys' offices and homes, seizing documents and files.

Ströbele and Croissant were remanded and held for four and eight weeks respectively. Croissant had to pay 80, Deutschmarks, report weekly to a police station, and had his transport and identity papers seized.

The defense lawyers and prisoners were not the only ones affected by measures adopted for the RAF-trial. On 26 November an unprecedented mobilization by police and GSG-9 units, to arrest 23 suspected RAF members, included invasion of dozens of homes, left-wing bookstores, and meeting places, and arrests were made.

No guerrillas were found. The general approach by defendants and their attorneys was to highlight the political purpose and characteristics of RAF.

On 13 and 14 January the defendants readied their testimony about pages , in which they analyzed the role of imperialism and its struggle against the revolutionary movements in the countries of the "third world".

They also expounded the fascistization of West Germany and its role as an imperialistic state alliance with the U.

Finally they talked about the task of urban guerrillas and undertook the political responsibility for the bombing attacks.

Finally their lawyers following Ulrike Meinhof's proposal requested that the accused be officially regarded as prisoners of war.

On 4 May five days before Meinhof's death the four defendants demanded to provide data about the Vietnam War. They claimed that since the military intervention in Vietnam by the U.

Later when their requests were rejected, U. Peck concluded that the RAF "was the response to criminal aggression of the U.

The real terrorist was my government. He had also observed the Stammheim trial and referred to a CIA instructor teaching them how to make a murder look like a suicide.

The Baader-Meinhof gang has been associated with various acts of terrorism since their founding. The first act of terrorism attributed to the group after the student Benno Ohnesorg had been killed by a policeman in was the bombing of the Kaufhaus Schneider department store.

Prominent members of the bombing included Andreas Baader and Gudrun Ensslin , two of the founders of the Baader-Meinhof gang.

The bombs detonated at midnight when no one was in the store, thus no one was injured. As the bombs ignited, Gudrun Ensslin was at a nearby payphone, yelling to the German Press Agency , "This is a political act of revenge.

The bombing resulted in the death of a U. S officer and the injury of 13 other people. The stated reason for the bombing was a political statement in protest of U.

S imperialism, specifically, a protest of several mining facilities that belonged to the U. S in North Vietnam harbors.

Only three of the five bombs exploded, but it was enough to injure 36 people. On 24 May , just two weeks after the bombing of the United States headquarters in Frankfurt, the group set several car bombs off at the Campbell Barracks in Heidelberg.

The bombing resulted in the death of three U. S officers and the injury of five others. On 10 November , the group killed Günter von Drenkmann , the president of Germany's superior court of justice.

The killing occurred after a string of events that led to a failed kidnapping by the 2 June Movement, a group that splintered off the Baader-Meinhof group after the death of Holger Meins by hunger strike in prison.

Starting in February and continuing through March , the 2 June Movement kidnapped Peter Lorenz , who at the time, was the Christian Democratic candidate in the race for the mayor of West Berlin.

In exchange for the release of Lorenz, the group demanded that many Baader-Meinhof and 2 June Movement members that were imprisoned for reasons other than violence be released from jail.

The government obliged and released several of these members for the safe release of Lorenz. The group took hostages and set the building to explode.

They demanded the release of several imprisoned members of the Baader-Meinhof gang. The government refused the request, which led to the execution of two of the hostages.

A few of the bombs that were intended to blow up the embassy prematurely detonated, which resulted in the death of two of the six Baader-Meinhof affiliates.

The other four members eventually surrendered to the authorities. In May , several British intelligence reports circulated that stated that the Baader-Meinhof gang had stolen mustard gas from a joint U.

The reports also indicated that the Baader-Meinhof gang had intended to use the stolen gas in German cities.

It eventually turned out that the mustard gas canisters were merely misplaced; however, the Baader-Meinhof gang still successfully capitalized on the news by frightening several different agencies.

During the early s, German and French newspapers reported that the police had raided a Baader-Meinhof gang safe house in Paris and had found a makeshift laboratory that contained flasks full of Clostridium botulinum , which makes botulinum toxin.

These reports were later found to be incorrect; no such lab was ever found. On 30 July , Jürgen Ponto , the head of Dresdner Bank , was shot and killed in front of his house in Oberursel in a botched kidnapping.

Following the convictions, Hanns Martin Schleyer , a former officer of the SS who was then President of the German Employers' Association and thus one of the most powerful industrialists in West Germany was abducted in a violent kidnapping.

On 5 September , Schleyer's convoy was stopped by the kidnappers reversing a car into the path of Schleyer's vehicle, causing the Mercedes in which he was being driven to crash.

Once the convoy was stopped, five masked assailants immediately shot and killed three policemen and the driver and took Schleyer hostage.

One of the group Sieglinde Hofmann produced her weapon from a pram she was pushing down the road.

A letter was then received by the federal government, demanding the release of eleven detainees, including those in Stammheim. A crisis committee was formed in Bonn , headed by Chancellor Helmut Schmidt , which, instead of acceding, resolved to employ delaying tactics to give the police time to discover Schleyer's location.

At the same time, a total communication ban was imposed on the prison inmates, who were now allowed visits only from government officials and the prison chaplain.

The crisis dragged on for more than a month, while the Bundeskriminalamt carried out its biggest investigation to date.

The leader introduced himself to the passengers as "Captain Mahmud" who would be later identified as Zohair Youssef Akache.

The Bonn crisis team again decided not to give in. The plane flew on via Larnaca , then Dubai , and then to Aden , where flight captain Jürgen Schumann, whom the hijackers deemed not cooperative enough, was brought before an improvised "revolutionary tribunal" and executed on 16 October.

His body was dumped on the runway. The aircraft again took off, flown by the co-pilot Jürgen Vietor, this time headed for Mogadishu , Somalia.

A high-risk rescue operation was led by Hans-Jürgen Wischnewski , then undersecretary in the chancellor's office, who had been secretly flown in from Bonn.

All four hijackers were shot; three of them died on the spot. None of the passengers were seriously hurt and Wischnewski was able to phone Schmidt and tell the Bonn crisis team that the operation had been a success.

Half an hour later, German radio broadcast the news of the rescue, which the Stammheim inmates could hear on their radios.

During the course of the night, Baader was found dead from a gunshot to the back of his head, and Ensslin was found hanged in her cell; Raspe died in the hospital the next day from a gunshot wound to the head.

Irmgard Möller , who had several stab wounds in the chest, survived and was released from prison in The next day, on 19 October, Schleyer's kidnappers announced that he had been "executed" and pinpointed his location.

After 43 days we have ended Hanns-Martin Schleyer's pitiful and corrupt existence His death is meaningless to our pain and our rage The struggle has only begun.

Freedom through armed, anti-imperialist struggle. The official inquiry concluded that the group made a collective decision to commit suicide on a predetermined night.

However, the autopsy and police reports contained several contradictory statements. It has been questioned how Baader and Raspe managed to obtain a gun in the high-security prison wing specially constructed for the first generation RAF members.

Independent investigations showed that the inmates' lawyers were able to smuggle in weapons and equipment despite the high security, something that the lawyers themselves denied, arguing that every meeting with their clients was observed by jailers.

The fact that they both received lighter sentences, and after release were given new identities, raises the question as to whether they were acting under police pressure and an immunity proposal as was the case with the ex-RAF members and perjurers Karl-Heinz Ruhland and Gerhard Müller.

As regards Möller, only a total commitment to her cause could have allowed Möller to inflict the four stab wounds found near her heart.

She claims that it was actually an extrajudicial killing, orchestrated by the German government, in response to Red Army Faction demands that the prisoners be released.

Finally, the international commission that had been formed to investigate Ulrike Meinhof's death, and hadn't been dissolved at the time, noticed that on both nights 8—9 May ; the night Meinhof had allegedly committed suicide, and 17—18 October , an auxiliary was in charge of surveillance rather than the usual guard.

The authorities claimed they were unaware of this until 4 November The dissolution of the Soviet Union in late December was a serious blow to Leninist groups, but well into the s attacks were still being committed under the name RAF.

On 30 November , Deutsche Bank chairman Alfred Herrhausen was killed with a highly complex bomb when his car triggered a photo sensor in Bad Homburg.

On 1 April , Detlev Karsten Rohwedder , leader of the government Treuhand organization responsible for the privatization of the East German state economy, was shot and killed.

The assassins of Zimmermann, von Braunmühl, Herrhausen, and Rohwedder were never reliably identified. After German reunification in , it was confirmed that the RAF had received financial and logistic support from the Stasi , the security and intelligence organization of East Germany , which had given several members who had chosen to leave the group shelter and new identities.

This was already generally suspected at the time. Brigitte Mohnhaupt , Peter Boock, Rolf Wagner, and Sieglinde Hoffmann spent most of the year in SB facilities in Mazury district, where they were also going through series of training programs along with others from Arab countries.

To weaken the organization further the government declared that some RAF inmates would be released if the RAF refrained from violent attacks in the future.

Subsequently, the RAF announced their intention to "de-escalate" and refrain from significant activity. The last action taken by the RAF took place in with a bombing of a newly built prison in Weiterstadt by overcoming the officers on duty and planting explosives.

Although no one was seriously injured, this operation caused property damage amounting to million Deutschmarks over 50 million euros. The last big action against the RAF took place on 27 June Due to a number of operational mistakes involving the various police services, German Minister of the Interior Rudolf Seiters took responsibility and resigned from his post.

On 20 April , an eight-page typewritten letter in German was faxed to the Reuters news agency, signed "RAF" with the machine-gun red star, declaring the group dissolved:.

Almost 28 years ago, on 14 May , the RAF arose in a campaign of liberation. Today we end this project. The urban guerrilla in the shape of the RAF is now history.

Mai , entstand in einer Befreiungsaktion die RAF. Heute beenden wir dieses Projekt. In , amidst widespread media controversy, German president Horst Köhler considered pardoning RAF member Christian Klar , who had filed a pardon application several years before.

On 7 May , pardon was denied; regular [e] parole was later granted on 24 November Police in Europe investigating the whereabouts of Ernst-Volker Staub, Burkhard Garweg and Daniela Klette stated that a search has been made in Spain, France and Italy [54] after initial reports suggested that they could be hiding in the Netherlands in after being suspected for masterminding robberies in supermarkets and cash transit vehicles in Wolfsburg , Bremen and Cremlingen between and The feature documentary Children of the Revolution tells Ulrike Meinhof's story from the perspective of her daughter, journalist and historian Bettina Röhl , while Andres Veiel 's feature film If Not Us, Who?

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Framing effect. Drawing different conclusions from the same information, depending on how that information is presented.

The frequency illusion is that once something has been noticed then every instance of that thing is noticed, leading to the belief it has a high frequency of occurrence a form of selection bias.

Limits a person to using an object only in the way it is traditionally used. The tendency to think that future probabilities are altered by past events, when in reality they are unchanged.

The fallacy arises from an erroneous conceptualization of the law of large numbers. For example, "I've flipped heads with this coin five times consecutively, so the chance of tails coming out on the sixth flip is much greater than heads.

Gender bias. A widely held [59] set of implicit biases that discriminate against a gender typically women [60].

For example, the assumption that women are less suited to jobs requiring high intellectual ability [61].

Or the assumption that people or animals are male in the absence of any indicators of gender.

The psychological phenomenon that occurs within a group of people in which the desire for harmony or conformity in the group results in an irrational or dysfunctional decision-making outcome.

Group members try to minimize conflict and reach a consensus decision without critical evaluation of alternative viewpoints by actively suppressing dissenting viewpoints, and by isolating themselves from outside influences.

The tendency to overestimate one's ability to accomplish hard tasks, and underestimate one's ability to accomplish easy tasks [6] [63] [64] [65].

Sometimes called the "I-knew-it-all-along" effect, the tendency to see past events as being predictable [66] at the time those events happened.

Hostile attribution bias. The "hostile attribution bias" is the tendency to interpret others' behaviors as having hostile intent, even when the behavior is ambiguous or benign.

Hot-hand fallacy. The "hot-hand fallacy" also known as the "hot hand phenomenon" or "hot hand" is the belief that a person who has experienced success with a random event has a greater chance of further success in additional attempts.

Hyperbolic discounting. Discounting is the tendency for people to have a stronger preference for more immediate payoffs relative to later payoffs.

Hyperbolic discounting leads to choices that are inconsistent over time — people make choices today that their future selves would prefer not to have made, despite using the same reasoning.

The tendency for people to place a disproportionately high value on objects that they partially assembled themselves, such as furniture from IKEA , regardless of the quality of the end product.

Illicit transference. Occurs when a term in the distributive referring to every member of a class and collective referring to the class itself as a whole sense are treated as equivalent.

The two variants of this fallacy are the fallacy of composition and the fallacy of division. The tendency to overestimate one's degree of influence over other external events.

Believing that one's judgments are accurate, especially when available information is consistent or inter-correlated.

Inaccurately perceiving a relationship between two unrelated events. A tendency to believe that a statement is true if it is easier to process , or if it has been stated multiple times , regardless of its actual veracity.

These are specific cases of truthiness. The tendency to overestimate the length or the intensity of the impact of future feeling states.

Implicit association. Information bias. The tendency to seek information even when it cannot affect action.

Insensitivity to sample size. The tendency for sensory input about the body itself to affect one's judgement about external, unrelated circumstances.

As for example, in parole judges who are more lenient when fed and rested. Irrational escalation or Escalation of commitment.

The phenomenon where people justify increased investment in a decision, based on the cumulative prior investment, despite new evidence suggesting that the decision was probably wrong.

Also known as the sunk cost fallacy. An over-reliance on a familiar tool or methods, ignoring or under-valuing alternative approaches.

An apparently statistically significant observation may have actually arisen by chance because of the size of the parameter space to be searched.

The perceived disutility of giving up an object is greater than the utility associated with acquiring it. Mere exposure effect.

The tendency to express undue liking for things merely because of familiarity with them. The tendency to concentrate on the nominal value face value of money rather than its value in terms of purchasing power.

Moral credential effect. Occurs when someone who does something good gives themselves permission to be less good in the future.

Negativity bias or Negativity effect. Psychological phenomenon by which humans have a greater recall of unpleasant memories compared with positive memories.

Neglect of probability. The tendency to completely disregard probability when making a decision under uncertainty. Aversion to contact with or use of products, research, standards, or knowledge developed outside a group.

Related to IKEA effect. Observer-expectancy effect. When a researcher expects a given result and therefore unconsciously manipulates an experiment or misinterprets data in order to find it see also subject-expectancy effect.

The tendency to judge harmful actions commissions as worse, or less moral, than equally harmful inactions omissions.

The tendency to be over-optimistic, underestimating greatly the probability of undesirable outcomes and overestimating favorable and pleasing outcomes see also wishful thinking , valence effect , positive outcome bias.

The tendency to judge a decision by its eventual outcome instead of based on the quality of the decision at the time it was made.

Excessive confidence in one's own answers to questions. A vague and random stimulus often an image or sound is perceived as significant, e.

The phenomenon whereby others' expectations of a target person affect the target person's performance. The tendency for some people, especially those suffering from depression , to overestimate the likelihood of negative things happening to them.

Plan continuation bias. Failure to recognize that the original plan of action is no longer appropriate for a changing situation or for a situation that is different than anticipated.

The tendency to underestimate task-completion times. The tendency of people to give stronger weight to payoffs that are closer to the present time when considering trade-offs between two future moments.

The tendency to ignore plants in their environment and a failure to recognize and appreciate the utility of plants to life on earth.

The tendency to have an excessive optimism towards an invention or innovation's usefulness throughout society, while often failing to identify its limitations and weaknesses.

The tendency to overestimate how much our future selves share one's current preferences, thoughts and values, thus leading to sub-optimal choices.

Pseudocertainty effect. The tendency to make risk-averse choices if the expected outcome is positive, but make risk-seeking choices to avoid negative outcomes.

The urge to do the opposite of what someone wants you to do out of a need to resist a perceived attempt to constrain your freedom of choice see also Reverse psychology.

The illusion that a phenomenon one has noticed only recently is itself recent. Often used to refer to linguistic phenomena; the illusion that a word or language usage that one has noticed only recently is an innovation when it is in fact long-established see also frequency illusion.

Judgement that arises when targets of differentiating judgement become subject to effects of regression that are not equivalent.

Rhyme as reason effect. Rhyming statements are perceived as more truthful. A famous example being used in the O.

J Simpson trial with the defense's use of the phrase "If the gloves don't fit, then you must acquit. The tendency to focus on items that are more prominent or emotionally striking and ignore those that are unremarkable, even though this difference is often irrelevant by objective standards.

The tendency to notice something more when something causes us to be more aware of it, such as when we buy a car, we tend to notice similar cars more often than we did before.

They are not suddenly more common — we just are noticing them more. Also called the Observational Selection Bias. The tendency to reject new evidence that contradicts a paradigm.

Social comparison bias. The tendency, when making decisions, to favour potential candidates who don't compete with one's own particular strengths.

Social desirability bias. The tendency to over-report socially desirable characteristics or behaviours in oneself and under-report socially undesirable characteristics or behaviours.

The tendency to like things to stay relatively the same see also loss aversion , endowment effect , and system justification. Expecting a member of a group to have certain characteristics without having actual information about that individual.

The tendency to judge probability of the whole to be less than the probabilities of the parts. Perception that something is true if a subject's belief demands it to be true.

Also assigns perceived connections between coincidences. Losing sight of the strategic construct that a measure is intended to represent, and subsequently acting as though the measure is the construct of interest.

Concentrating on the people or things that "survived" some process and inadvertently overlooking those that didn't because of their lack of visibility.

Underestimations of the time that could be saved or lost when increasing or decreasing from a relatively low speed and overestimations of the time that could be saved or lost when increasing or decreasing from a relatively high speed.

A hypothesized tendency to believe that mass communicated media messages have a greater effect on others than on themselves. As of , the third-person effect has yet to be reliably demonstrated in a scientific context.

Parkinson's law of triviality. The tendency to give disproportionate weight to trivial issues. Also known as bikeshedding, this bias explains why an organization may avoid specialized or complex subjects, such as the design of a nuclear reactor, and instead focus on something easy to grasp or rewarding to the average participant, such as the design of an adjacent bike shed.

The standard suggested amount of consumption e. Well travelled road effect. Underestimation of the duration taken to traverse oft-traveled routes and overestimation of the duration taken to traverse less familiar routes.

Women are wonderful effect. A bias whereby a situation is incorrectly perceived to be like a zero-sum game i. Actor-observer bias.

The tendency for explanations of other individuals' behaviors to overemphasize the influence of their personality and underemphasize the influence of their situation see also Fundamental attribution error , and for explanations of one's own behaviors to do the opposite that is, to overemphasize the influence of our situation and underemphasize the influence of our own personality.

The tendency to attribute greater accuracy to the opinion of an authority figure unrelated to its content and be more influenced by that opinion.

The tendency for people to appear more attractive in a group than in isolation. Defensive attribution hypothesis. Attributing more blame to a harm-doer as the outcome becomes more severe or as personal or situational similarity to the victim increases.

Occurs when people claim more responsibility for themselves for the results of a joint action than an outside observer would credit them with.

Extrinsic incentives bias. An exception to the fundamental attribution error , when people view others as having situational extrinsic motivations and dispositional intrinsic motivations for oneself.

False consensus effect. The tendency for people to overestimate the degree to which others agree with them. False uniqueness bias. The tendency of people to see their projects and themselves as more singular than they actually are.

Fundamental attribution error. The tendency for people to over-emphasize personality-based explanations for behaviors observed in others while under-emphasizing the role and power of situational influences on the same behavior [84] see also actor-observer bias, group attribution error , positivity effect, and negativity effect.

Group attribution error. The biased belief that the characteristics of an individual group member are reflective of the group as a whole or the tendency to assume that group decision outcomes reflect the preferences of group members, even when information is available that clearly suggests otherwise.

The tendency for a person's positive or negative traits to "spill over" from one personality area to another in others' perceptions of them see also physical attractiveness stereotype.

Illusion of asymmetric insight. People perceive their knowledge of their peers to surpass their peers' knowledge of them.

Illusion of external agency. When people view self-generated preferences as instead being caused by insightful, effective and benevolent agents.

Illusion of transparency. People overestimate others' ability to know themselves, and they also overestimate their ability to know others.

Overestimating one's desirable qualities, and underestimating undesirable qualities, relative to other people.

Also known as "Lake Wobegon effect", "better-than-average effect", or "superiority bias". The tendency for people to give preferential treatment to others they perceive to be members of their own groups.

Tendency to judge human action to intentional rather than accidental. The tendency for people to want to believe that the world is fundamentally just, causing them to rationalize an otherwise inexplicable injustice as deserved by the victim s.

The tendency for people to ascribe greater or lesser moral standing based on the outcome of an event. The belief that we see reality as it really is — objectively and without bias; that the facts are plain for all to see; that rational people will agree with us; and that those who don't are either uninformed, lazy, irrational, or biased.

Outgroup homogeneity bias. One, your brain seems to be excited by the fact that you've learned something new, and selective attention occurs.

Your brain subconsciously thinks, "Hey, that's awesome! I'm going to look for that thing without actually thinking about it.

To make it all the more powerful, confirmation bias occurs after seeing it even once or twice. In other words, you start agreeing with yourself that, yup, you're definitely seeing it more [source: Pacific Standard ].

Now if you've done a cursory search for Baader-Meinhof, you might be a little confused, because the phenomenon isn't named for the linguist that researched it, or anything sensible like that.

Instead, it's named for a militant West German terrorist group, active in the s. The St. Paul Minnesota Pioneer Press online commenting board was the unlikely source of the name.

In , a commenter dubbed the frequency illusion "the Baader-Meinhof phenomenon" after randomly hearing two references to Baader-Meinhof within 24 hours.

The phenomenon has nothing to do with the gang, in other words. But don't be surprised if the name starts popping up everywhere you turn [sources: BBC , Pacific Standard ].

Bader Meinhoff Video

Evil Lives Die Entführung der Lufthansa-Maschine "Landshut". Das Papier enthält Sätze wie. In: Die Welt. MaiS. Vertuschungsversuche der Behörden nach dem Vorfall trugen zur weiteren Eskalation der bereits angespannten Situation bei. Das Wesen des Partisanenkampfes. Der Prozess gegen die Angeklagten war schwierig. Der Film spielt teilweise an Originalschauplätzen und scheut nicht just click for source Darstellung von Brutalität.

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